Historic and cultural attractions in Slovenia

Slovenia is tremendously rich in history. Although it is a small country, you’ll be pleasantly surprised at the amount of historic and cultural attractions in Slovenia that can wow travelers and holidaymakers. We have majestic castles with mysterious legends, beautiful churches, stunning medieval towns, iconic buildings, historic bridges, interesting and very informative museums and more.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN LJUBLJANA
Ljubljana old townLJUBLJANA OLD TOWN – one of the most picturesque city centers in Europe
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
Ljubljana is a charming little capital and its Old Town is one of Slovenia's top tourist destinations that draws over one million visitors per year. It's a mix of impressive architecture, a picturesque river littered with fascinating bridges, plus heaps of lovely restaurants, bars and cafés. It's a very safe and easy area to wander around - the streets are pedestrianized so that makes it quieter and more relaxed.
Ljubljana castle, SloveniaLJUBLJANA CASTLE – the most identifiable feature in Slovenia's capital Ljubljana
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
Ljubljana Castle is the most prominent tourist attraction in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. The castle is perched on top of a hill and can be seen from anywhere in Ljubljana, and you can see anywhere in Ljubljana from the castle. Majority of the castle is free to wander through and there is something for everyone (fantastic views, interesting exhibits, people in costume, lots to keep the children interested, good food, etc.). To visit the castle, you can walk up to it or you can take the funicular to the top.
Preseren square in LjubljanaPRESEREN SQUARE – the heart of the Ljubljana old town, always live and interesting
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
Preseren Square is the center of Ljubljana’s Old Town, situated where the Triple Bridge crosses the Ljubljanica river and right in front of the pink Franciscan Church of the Annunciation. The square is cobblestone-paved and is an amazing place full of life, where both the locals and tourists hang out to socialize, listen to talented street musicians, people watch, and take in the views.
Triple Bridge in Ljubljana Old Town, SloveniaTRIPLE BRIDGE – if the city of Ljubljana has a heart, this is it
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
Triple Bridge or Tromostovje as it is called in Slovene is located perfectly in the heart of Slovenia's capital Ljubljana. It connects the Ljubljana’s historic old town on one bank and the modern part of the city on the other. The bridge has a Venetian look to it – it was designed with a lot of Italian influence and looks like you would find it in Venice. It’s small yet lovely. There are usually buskers and other street entertainers on the bridge creating a lovely atmosphere.
Ljubljanica river canal, Ljubljana-300LJUBLJANICA RIVER CANAL – a great way to experience Ljubljana
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
The Ljubljanica river canal splits Ljubljana’s historic old town from the modern part of the city. A paved path exists along the entire way. The river’s banks are beautiful and you can spend an afternoon just wandering along and enjoy historic buildings and architecture, the many lively outdoor cafés and restaurants, and the vibe of the city. It's an excellent place to get a perspective on what living in Slovenia’s capital is all about.
Ljubljana Cathedral, SloveniaLJUBLJANA CATHEDRAL – if you're in Slovenia's capital put this on your must see list
Overall Rating:     09/10   (Highly Recommended)
Ljubljana Cathedral (also known as the Cathedral of St. Nicholas) is the main church in Slovenia's capital Ljubljana. It's not terribly impressive from the outside, but when you go inside it is magnificent. The amazing artwork adorns pretty much every inch of the inside of the building, with spectacular paintings (the cathedral has recently been refurbished so the colors are really vibrant), lots of gold leaf, intricate frescos on the ceiling and a magnificent pipe organ.
Franciscan Church of the Annunciation, LjubljanaFRANCISCAN CHURCH OF THE ANNUNCIATION – one of the most recognizable buildings in the city
Overall Rating:     08/10   (Highly Recommended)
The church is located in a prime position in the heart of the Ljubljana old town. You cannot fail to spot this salmon-pink church as it provides an attractive backdrop to the main Preseren Square at the end of the Triple bridge. The inside is worth a look for the painted ceiling and walls and the main altar, which was executed by a famous Italian sculptor Francesco Robba.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN BLED AND THE SURROUNDING AREA
Bled Castle above Lake Bled, Slovenia
BLED CASTLE – the oldest castle in Slovenia perched high above Lake Bled
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
Above the incredibly beautiful glacial Lake Bled, on a mighty steep cliff rising 130 meters high, is the iconic Bled Castle. It is one of the most visited Slovene sights with over 300.000 annual guests.
The Pilgrimage Church of the Assumption of Mary on Bled Island, SloveniaCHURCH OF THE ASSUMPTION OF MARY – the idyllic church on Bled Island
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
The Pilgrimage Church of the Assumption of Mary, also known as The Church of Mary the Queen or Our Lady of the Lake is located on a a tiny, tear-shaped island in the middle of an incredibly beautiful glacial Lake Bled in Slovenia. The church has such a beautiful setting that pictures of it are regularly found in travel magazines and on travel blogs and forums.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN PIRAN AND THE SURROUNDING AREA
Tartini square in Piran, SloveniaTARTINI SQUARE – a wonderful, picturesque and historic square in the heart of Piran
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
The Tartini Square is a lovely square in the heart of the medieval walled Venetian town of Piran, the most famous town on Slovenia's 43-kilometre coast, which sits between Italy and Croatia. For a small town this is a wide open and quite large square. It's very Venetian in its white marble paving and surrounded by charming, Venetian buildings with wonderful architecture displayed.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN SEZANA AND THE SURROUNDING AREA
Lipica Stud Farm, SloveniaLIPICA STUD FARM - the cradle of the famous and elegant Lipizzaner horse
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
The Lipica Stud Farm is one of the most important and one of the most beautiful cultural and historical monuments in Slovenia, with the history reaching back to the year of 1580. It’s recognized as the oldest European stud farm continuously breeding one of the oldest cultural horse breeds, the famous Lipizzaner (a.k.a. Lipizzan) horse. These magnificent creatures are characterised by a perfect and noble physique, the ability to learn, graceful movements, liveliness, and good nature.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN KAMNIK AND THE SURROUNDING AREA
Velika Planina SloveniaVELIKA PLANINA – a high-elevation alpine settlement of unique herdsmen's huts
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
Velika Planina is a high-elevation Alpine settlement of 63 traditional herdsmen's huts located at an elevation between 1,500 and 1,666 metres in the heart of the Kamnik-Savinja Alps in northern Slovenia. The huts are scattered all around the plateau, with pine shingle roofs and an architecture that is unique only to this mountain land.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN POSTOJNA AND THE SURROUNDING AREA
Predjama castle thumbPREDJAMA CASTLE - the architectural masterpiece built in the mouth of a cave
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
The Predjama Castle is a beautiful renaissance castle built in the mouth of a cave in the idyllic village of Predjama in the Karst region of Slovenia. It was constructed in the Gothic style in the 13th century and is considered to be one of the more significant architectural masterpieces of that time. To prevent easy access, the castle was built under a natural rocky arch high in the stone wall.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN IDRIJA
The Anthony Mine Shaft In IdrijaANTHONY MINE SHAFT – a first-hand experience of how mining in Idrija looked in the old days
Overall Rating:     10/10   (Must-See)
The history of mining in Idrija dates back to 1490. Until the First World War Idrija's Mercury Mine was one of the best technically equipped mines in Europe. In 1986 the decision was made to close the mine. Today, visitors can tour a portion of the closed mine, called Anthony's Shaft, and learn about the difficult conditions endured by the mercury miners from the end of the 15th century till the end of the 20th century.
The Gewerkenegg Castle In Idrija, SloveniaGEWERKENEGG CASTLE – the 16th-century castle housing the award-winning Idrija Municipal Museum
Overall Rating:     08/10   (Highly Recommended)
The Gewerkenegg Castle stands atop a small hill on the western edge of the small mining town of Idrija in western Slovenia. It was built between 1522 and 1533 to serve as the administrative headquarters of Idrija's mercury mine. Today, the castle houses the award-winning Idrija Municipal Museum featuring the excellent collections which deal with mercury, lace and Idrija's history..
The Kamst Waterwheel In Idrija, SloveniaKAMST – the largest preserved wooden waterwheel in Europe made in 1790 to pump the water out of flooded mineshafts below
Overall Rating:     07/10   (Recommended)
One of the most interesting examples of mining technology that still exists in Idrija is the Kamst, an impressive waterwheel made of wood in 1790 to pump the water out of flooded mineshafts below. With a diameter of 13,6 meters, it is the largest preserved wooden waterwheel in Europe. It operated uninterrupted for 158 years until 1948. It stands on its original location in a stone building on the western outskirts of town.
The Idrija Lace School In Idrija, SloveniaIDRIJA LACE SCHOOL – the biggest and oldest lace school in the world
Overall Rating:     07/10   (Recommended)
The Idrija Lace School is a recognized and valued institution among professional circles in Europe. It offers quality education for students and adults in lace-making, maintains and develops this rich treasury of knowledge, and consequently enhances the quality of the lace produced in Idrija. In the school, there's a showroom where visitors can see the remarkable pieces made by students of the school. There's also a small shop with items for purchase.
Miner's House In Idrija, SloveniaMINER'S HOUSE – the 18th-century house representing the former way of life of miners' families in Idrija
Overall Rating:     07/10   (Recommended)
The history of Idrija's days as a mining town is apparent in the numerous sights in the town and its surroundings. One such very interesting sight to visit, representing the former way of life of miners' families, is the 18th-century Miner's House, or Rudarska Hisa as it is called in Slovene. It stands in the Bazoviska street on a slope facing the town below, not far from Idrija's town centre.
The Rake Water Channel In IdrijaRAKE WATER CHANNEL – built at the end of the 16th century to support the mercury mine operations in Idrija
Overall Rating:     07/10   (Recommended)
The Rake water channel in Idrija was built at the end of the 16th century to support the mercury mine operations. Initially, the water channel was wooden, but in the second half of the 18th century it was enclosed with stone. Along the water channel, there's a two-and-a-half-kilometre-long nature learning path unveiling Idrija's treasures of geology, flora and cultural history..
The Idrija Municipal ApiaryIDRIJA MUNICIPAL APIARY – one of the most important structures of Slovene beekeeping of the 20th century
The Idrija Municipal Apiary stands behind the Church of the Holy Trinity, only a short walk from the center of Idrija. This highly crafted and extremely well executed and painted apiary is one of the most important structures of Slovene beekeeping. It was built in 1925 and completely renovated in 2013.

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS IN PODCETRTEK AND THE SURROUNDING AREA
Olimje Monastery in PodcetrtekOLIMJE MONASTERY – a stunning historic castle converted into a monastery which houses the third oldest pharmacy in Europe
Overall Rating:     09/10   (Highly Recommended)
The Olimje Monastery is located in the hamlet of Olimje, just southwest of the spa village of Podcetrtek. It consists of a southeast and southwest wing with oval towers in the corners. Besides the impressive external appearance of the building, the key attractions are the incredible golden altar from 1675 and a very interesting pharmacy which dates back to the 17th century and still produces medicines via natural sources.

Slovenia’s historic and cultural attractions in pictures
Ljubljana old townLJUBLJANA OLD TOWN, Ljubljana (33 pictures)
Ljubljana is a charming little capital and its Old Town is one of Slovenia's top tourist destinations that draws over one million visitors per year. It's a mix of impressive architecture, a picturesque river littered with fascinating bridges, plus heaps of lovely restaurants, bars and cafés.
Ljubljana Castle SloveniaLJUBLJANA CASTLE, Ljubljana (30 pictures)
The castle is the most prominent tourist attraction in Slovenia's capital Ljubljana. It is perched on top of a hill and can be seen from anywhere in Ljubljana, and you can see anywhere in Ljubljana from the castle.
Bled Castle above Lake Bled, SloveniaBLED CASTLE, Bled (30 pictures)
Above the incredibly beautiful glacial Lake Bled, on a mighty steep cliff rising 130 meters high, is the iconic Bled Castle. It's one of the most visited Slovene sights with over 300.000 annual guests.
The Pilgrimage Church of the Assumption of Mary on Bled Island, SloveniaCHURCH OF THE ASSUMPTION OF MARY, Bled (15 pictures)
The church is located on a a tiny, tear-shaped island in the middle of Lake Bled. It has such a beautiful setting that pictures of it are regularly found in travel magazines and on travel blogs and forums.
Predjama castle thumbPREDJAMA CASTLE, Predjama (10 pictures)
This beautiful renaissance castle was constructed in the Gothic style in the 13th century and is considered to be one of the more significant architectural masterpieces of that time. To prevent easy access, the castle was built in the mouth of a cave under a natural rocky arch high in the stone wall.
Lipica Stud Farm, SloveniaLIPICA STUD FARM, Lipica (10 pictures)
The stud farm is one of the most important and one of the most beautiful cultural and historical monuments in Slovenia, with the history reaching back to the year of 1580. It’s recognized as the oldest European stud farm continuously breeding one of the oldest cultural horse breeds, the famous Lipizzaner (a.k.a. Lipizzan) horse.
Tartini square in Piran, SloveniaTARTINI SQUARE, Piran (15 pictures)
The lovely square in the heart of the medieval walled Venetian town of Piran, the most famous town on Slovenia's 43-kilometre coast. For a small town this is a wide open and quite large square. It's very Venetian in its white marble paving and surrounded by charming, Venetian buildings with wonderful architecture displayed.
Preseren square in LjubljanaPRESEREN SQUARE, Ljubljana (15 pictures)
The square is the center of Ljubljana’s Old Town, located where the Triple Bridge crosses the Ljubljanica river and right in front of the pink Franciscan Church of the Annunciation.
Triple Bridge in Ljubljana Old Town, SloveniaTRIPLE BRIDGE, Ljubljana (20 pictures)
The bridge is located in the centre of Ljubljana. It connects the historic old town on one bank and the modern part of Ljubljana on the other.
Ljubljanica river canal, Ljubljana-300LJUBLJANICA RIVER CANAL, Ljubljana (40 pictures)
The canal splits Ljubljana’s historic old town from the modern part of the city. It's an excellent place to get a perspective on what living in Ljubljana is all about.
Ljubljana Cathedral, SloveniaLJUBLJANA CATHEDRAL, Ljubljana (25 pictures)
The Cathedral of St. Nicholas is the main church in Ljubljana. It's not very impressive from the outside, but when you go inside it is magnificent.
Franciscan Church of the Annunciation, LjubljanaFRANCISCAN CHURCH OF THE ANNUNCIATION, Ljubljana (23 pictures)
The church is located in a prime position in the heart of the Ljubljana old town. You cannot fail to spot this salmon-pink church as it provides an attractive backdrop to the main Preseren Square at the end of the Triple bridge.

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